Cooper and Pelot Families 

 
 

James Gignilliat Cooper was a prosperous landowner who owned three plantations across Florida. He was married to Pharaba Jane (née Vaughn) who gave the couple four children. During the Second Seminole War (1835–1842) he gained a commission as Major General of Volunteers and was a member of the Florida Legislature for a time. He later served on the Florida Secession Convention where he voted in favor of leaving the Union just prior to the Civil War.

John Cooper Pelot, James G. Cooper’s cousin, owned a plantation in Columbia County, Florida, that adjoined the Cooper family’s land. Pelot served in the Territorial Senate prior to Florida's statehood and as the Chairman Pro Tem of the Secession Convention. Later, he was a member of the Board of Internal Improvement which brought the railroad to Florida. He married twice, first to Sarah Crews (burial location unknown) with whom he had 15 children. His second marriage was to Jane Pyles (buried in Rosemary Cemetery in Sarasota) and had an additional five children with her. One of his children, Julia Francis, never married and is buried here in the family plot.

One of his sons, Dr. John Crews Pelot, married Mary Elizabeth Cooper, a daughter of James G. and Pharaba J. Cooper. John Crews Pelot was an assistant surgeon at Andersonville Prison during the Civil War. Dr. John and Mary E. Pelot came to Manatee in 1865 along with Mary’s parents (the Coopers) to escape the post-war conditions in North Florida. In 1867, they purchased the former Braden Plantation and made the house (known as "Braden Castle") their home until 1879. They made several expansions to the building, including the observatory, and were known for their picnics and parties. In 1873 Mary died during childbirth. Dr. Pelot married his second wife, Catherine "Katie" Gates, five years later. The couple gave the land for a new courthouse when the county seat moved to Braidentown in the late 1880s. The current 1913 courthouse (in downtown Bradenton) was built on the same land.

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Dr. John Crews Pelot 

Image: 1871-1881, Courtesy of Manatee County Public Library Historical Digital Collections

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Braden Castle was gutted in a fire in 1903, leaving only the shell of the building. It is mostly a ruin today.

Image: 1900-1907, Courtesy of Manatee County Public Library Historical Digital Collections

Overall, Dr. Pelot had four children between his two wives, with two passing away before the age of 16 (Mary C. and Josiah Crews).

Dr. Pelot's son, John James Pelot, became a pharmacist and purchased the Johnson Pharmacy from E. B. and Ralph Johnson (sons of Dr. Enos Johnson). With his father he opened Manatee Drug Company which was renamed Pelot's Pharmacy in the 1920s. This is the same Pelot's Pharmacy that is still in operation on Manatee Avenue. The company is still owned by Dr. Pelot's descendants today.

Cooper, Pharaba Jane Vaughn - #6 Taken 03-2022 (2)
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Cooper, James Gignilliat - #7 Taken 03-2022 (2)
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Pelot, John Cooper - #8 Taken 03-2022 (4)
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Pelot, Julia Frances - #9 Taken 03-2022 (3)
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Pelot, Mary E Cooper - #10 Taken 03-2022  (4)
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Pelot, Catherine Gates - #11 Taken 03-2022 (4)
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Pelot, Josiah Crews - #12 Taken 03-2022 (2)
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Pelot, Mary Cooper - #13 Taken 03-2022
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Pelot, John Crews - #14 Taken 03-2022 (2)
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Left to Right (Top Row): 

Pharaba Jane Vaughn Cooper - Grave #6

James Gignilliat Cooper - Grave #7 

John Cooper Pelot - Grave #8 

Julia Frances Pelot - Grave #9 

Left to Right (Middle Row): 

Mary E Cooper Pelot - Grave #10 

Catherine Gates Pelot - Grave #11

Josiah Crews Pelot - Grave #12 

Mary Cooper Pelot - Grave #13  

Left to Right (Bottom Row) 

John Crews Pelot - Grave #14

All images taken by MVHP staff in 2022 unless otherwise noted.